All About Beer - History of Beer Making
The history of beer making is a story of creation, devotion and honour. Although wine making is a very old art
that possibly originated with the Phoenicians some 2,600 years ago, the art of beer making is said to be older than
that of farming. As far back as 8000 BC, women were known to gather wild grain and utilise it to make beer with
fermentation dependant on spontaneous air borne yeast
With the birth of civilization also came the birth of controlled beer brewing. The Sumerians developed several
varieties around 4000 BC by soaking barley bread in water. The Babylonians came up with many more varieties some
two thousand years later.
At that time, the resulting brew was thick, flat and somewhat bitter. But it was also said to be healthy, much
more so than the water from most sources.
Wine making dominated the regions of southern Europe for centuries, but in the northern and some eastern
regions, the climate was too cold for growing grapes. But where grapes could not grow, barley grain could and in
these areas, the art of beer making flourished. Some countries, such as Germany, were blessed with climates, that
were suitable for both grape and barley growing hence the reason that beer making and wine making were possible in
the same country. The weather in Britain was generally too cool and wet for vineyards so the country developed beer
Delving into the long history of beer making, the start of the twelfth century saw the first big growth of
breweries, where the monks turned to investigating ways to supplement food rations and income. Largely protected by
royal patrons, it was the monasteries that developed the use of hops for both preservation and later, for
Beginning in 1397, the Spaten brewery in Munich expanded greatly the art and science of beer brewing, but it was
the mid nineteenth century, with the introduction of both steam power and refrigeration, that brewing came to a
head. Techniques introduced by Gabriel Sedlmayr, and later his son, are still used today by his descendants in the
production of fine lagers.
The famous Carlsberg Brewery in Copenhagen, for instance, came about as a direct result of the work done at
Spaten . Its founder was a student of Sedlmayr's and began his own brewery using Spaten yeast.
Pasteur's work on the procedure that later came to be named after him, added considerably to this progression.
His studies, in fact, were not oriented toward food or milk preservation, but centered on yeast and the improvement
In the 1870s, thanks to innovations in Pils in the Czech Republic, golden lagers began to appear. These quickly
spread to Vienna, Austria and then to Dortmund, Germany and soon after that, all of Europe. Following the great
immigration of the late nineteenth century, America was the next to adopt the same style.
In the far north of Europe, the Finns developed their own unique brew, called sahti . Using predominately
juniper, with only small amounts of hops, gives the brew its one of a kind flavor. The eighteenth century saw the
rising popularity of this unique, fruity brew, then stored in cool stone cellars, where it would keep for extended
periods. Still made today, the drink is one of Finland's national treasures enjoyed by natives and visitors
Wherever you visit in Europe you will find evidence of the long history of beer making and the efforts to
perfect this brew - efforts that have enjoyed great success, thanks to the dedication of thousands of tireless
brewers whose pride in their results is well deserved.
All About Beer Articles
Types of Beer
Beer brewing is both an art and a science which needs the
right ingredients and the right recipe to produce the various types of beer found all over the world.
Beer Making Ingredients
Although there are four beer making
ingredients that are common to all brews, it is the brewing system and processes used that accounts for the wide
variation in the types of beer.
Microbreweries produce small batches of experimental and
seasonal brews that stands out in terms of flavor and variety, Microbrewed beer is a popular alternative to
traditional mass produced brews
Home Brewing Beer
Home brewing beer is a hobby and pastime that enthrals
many folks. There is nothing quite like brewing your own beer and then sitting down with friends and family to
enjoy the fruits of your labor
For the connoisseur, drinking beer is much more than simply a
way to quench their thirst. The perfect beer nneds to be poured and served correctly to appreciate the finer
aspects of the brew
Beer Breweriana or the collecting of beer memorabilia has
become big business and items such as old beer cans, Budweiser beer bottles, bottle labels and even beer bottle
tops are selling for top prices on internet auction sites as well as live auction houses.